Preventive, Curative, and Tolerance Practices: Family Farmers' Local Ecological Knowledge regarding Harmful Crop Arthropods in NW Patagonia

Visualizações: 98

Authors

  • Pablo Andrés Grimaldi
  • Fernando Nicolas Céspedes
  • Catalina Rico Lenta
  • Melisa Stefania Longo Blasón
  • Ana H. Ladio INIBIOMA Universidad Nacional del Comahue- CONICET, Argentina

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15451/ec2024-07-13.16-1-25

Keywords:

pest, management practices, local ecological knowledge, horticulturist, free fair

Abstract

Family farming systems face the challenge of carrying out their activities alongside Harmful Arthropods (HA), which cause damage to edible, wild, and cultivated plants that are fundamental for farmers. This case study, with farmers from the Nahuel Huapi Family Farmers Free Fair (FFAFNH, Spanish acronym), shows some distinctive elements of Local Ecological Knowledge about HA (LEKHA). LEKHA investigated about seven HA among farmers regarding nomenclature, characterization, ecological aspects, cultivated species affected, ways of acquiring and transmitting knowledge, management practices, and HA's importance. Discussed how these aspects allow us to infer the hybrid character of LEKHA, which articulates traditional knowledge of peasant agriculture and Scientific Technical Knowledge (STK). A participatory workshop was carried out, which emerged as a request and demand from the members of the FFAFNH. Fifteen local names were registered, two of which were Mapuche. Most of the HA are recognized as harmful to more than one plant, and the majority (60%) have been with farmers for a long time. Regarding management, preventive practices predominated (57%) over curative practices (14%). We postulated a new HA management practice, "tolerance" (29%), which implies that HA coexist with people in their productive spaces and are deliberately allowed to follow their natural cycles. The predominant ways of acquiring and transmitting knowledge are idiosyncratic and oblique (35% each). The workshop was an instance of reinforcement and self-validation of LEKHA, where a dialogue of knowledge was established back and forth with the STK.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Albuquerque UP, Farias Paiva de Lucena R, Fernandes Cruz da Cunha LV, Alves RRN (2019) Methods and Techniques in Ethnobiology and Ethnoecology. 2 ed. Springer, New York, USA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-8919-5 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-8919-5

Albuquerque UP, Alves RRN, do Carmo RFR (2024) Is there a neocolonial stance in ethnobiology? Ethnobiology and Conservation 13. https://doi.org/10.15451/ec2024-01-13.06-1-4 DOI: https://doi.org/10.15451/ec2024-01-13.06-1-4

Alemán Santillán T (2022) Agricultura campesina...¿Ecología sin ciencia? Etnobiología 20: 142-154.

Altieri MA (1993) Ethnoscience and biodiversity: key elements in the design of sustainable pest management systems for small farmers in developing countries. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 46. https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-8809(93)90029-O DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-8809(93)90029-O

Aswani S, Lemahieu A, Sauer WHH (2018) Global trends of local ecological knowledge and future implications. PLoS ONE 13: e0195440. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0195440 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0195440

Balbi EI, Defagot MAV, Gadban LC (2022) Herramientas de control cultural para el manejo de artrópodos plaga en agricultura extensiva. EEA Marcos Juárez, INTA. [https://repositorio.inta.gob.ar/xmlui/bitstream/handle/20.500.12123/13559/INTA_CRCordoba_EEAMarcosJuarez_Balbi_E_Herramientas_de_control_cultural.pdf?sequence=1] Accessed 09 April 2023.

Barzman M, Bàrberi P, Birch ANE, Boonekamp P, Dachbrodt-Saaydeh S, Graf B, Hommel B, Jensen JE, Kiss J, Kudsk P, Lamichhane JR, Messéan A, Moonen AC, Ratnadass A, Ricci P, Sarah JL, Sattin M (2015) Eight principles of integrated pest management. Agronomy for sustainable development 35. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13593-015-0327-9 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13593-015-0327-9

Begossi A, Clauzet M, Figueiredo JLD, Garuana L, Lima RV, Lopes PF, Ramires M, Silva AL, Silvano RA (2008) Are biological species and higher-ranking categories real? Fish folk taxonomy on Brazil's Atlantic Forest Coast and in the Amazon. Current Anthropology 49. https://doi.org/10.1086/527437 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/527437

Belmain SR, Tembo Y, Mkindi AG, Arnold SE, Stevenson PC (2022) Elements of agroecological pest and disease management. Elementa Science of the Anthropocene 10. https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.2021.00099 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.2021.00099

Benz BF, Cevallos J, Santana F, Rosales J, Graf S (2000) Losing knowledge about plant use in the Sierra de Manantlan biosphere reserve, Mexico. Economic Botany 54. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02907821. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02907821

Benz BF, Santana F, Pineda R, Cevallos J, Robles L, Niz D (1994) Characterization of Meztizo plant use in the Sierra de Manantlan, Jalisco-Colima, México. Journal of Ethnobiology 14: 23–41.

Berlin B (1990) The chicken and the egg-head revisited: further evidence for the intellectualist bases of ethnobiological classification. Ethnobiology: implications and applications 1: 19-33.

Birgi JA, Peri PL, Ceconello MM, Gargaglione VB (2020) La Agricultura familiar en Santa Cruz, Patagonia Argentina: Caracterización de los núcleos agrícolas familiares. Informes Científicos Técnicos-UNPA 12. http://doi.org/10.22305/ict-unpa.v12.n2.730 DOI: https://doi.org/10.22305/ict-unpa.v12.n2.730

Blancas J, Casas A, Rangel-Landa S, Moreno-Calles A, Torres I, Pérez-Negrón E, Solís L, Delgado-Lemus A, Parra F, Arellanes Y, Caballero J, Cortés L, Lira R, Dávila P (2010) Plant management in the tehuacán-cuicatlán Valley, Mexico. Economic Botany 64. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12231-010-9133-0 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12231-010-9133-0

Blondeau S, Korzenszky A (2022) Agricultura Familiar. Nota de orientación jurídica 8. Roma, FAO. https://doi.org/10.4060/cb8227es DOI: https://doi.org/10.4060/cb8227es

Bravo Miaña HE (2018) Prácticas tradicionales de almacenamiento de los productos del cerco en el Departamento Figueroa de la provincia de Santiago del Estero. Tesis de Grado. Facultad de Agronomía y Agroindustrias, Universidad Nacional de Santiago del Estero. 45 pp.

Casas A, Caballero J, Mapes C, Zarate S (1997) Manejo de la vegetación y domesticación de plantas y origen de la agricultura en Mesoamérica. Boletín de la Sociedad Botánica de México 61. https://doi.org/10.17129/botsci.1537 DOI: https://doi.org/10.17129/botsci.1537

Castillo L, Ladio AH (2018) Mammals and birds as ethno-indicators of change: their importance to livestock farmers in Arid Patagonia (Argentina). Environment, Development and Sustainability 20. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-017-9983-z DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-017-9983-z

Catrileo Chiguailaf M (2021) Diccionario Lingüístico-Etnográfico de la Lengua Mapuche. 1 ed. AUACh, UNRN y EDUVIM. Viedma, Argentina.

Cavalli-Sforza LL, Feldman MW, Chen KH, Dornbusch SM (1982) Theory and observation in cultural transmission. Science 218. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.7123211. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.7123211

Céspedes FN, Grimaldi PA, Ladio AH (2023) Between flowers, humans, and honeybees: Local ecological knowledge associated with apiculture in two areas of Silípica department, Santiago del Estero, Argentina. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene 11. https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.2023.00009 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.2023.00009

Chamorro MF, Ladio AH (2021) Management of native and exotic plant species with edible fruits in a rural community in a protected area of NW Patagonia. Ethnobiology and Conservation 10. https://doi.org/10.15451/ec2021-02-10.14-1-24 DOI: https://doi.org/10.15451/ec2021-02-10.14-1-24

Charmaz K (2006) The power of names. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography 35. https://doi.org/10.1177/0891241606286 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0891241606286983

Collini E, Osores MS, Folch A, Viramonte JG, Villarosa G, Salmuni G (2013) Volcanic ash forecast during the June 2011 Cordon Caulle eruption. Natural Hazards 66. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-012-0492-y DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-012-0492-y

Delgado Burgoa F, Silvestre Rojas CA, Montecinos Llerena DA, Céspedes Quiroga M (2021) Avances Teóricos Metodológicos y Experiencias de Diálogo Intercientifico en Países Andino Amazónicos. Ministerio de Educación, La Paz, Bolivia.

Durán LM (1986) El “Pilme” o “Padrecito”, Epicauta pilme Molina (Coleoptera: Meloidae), observaciones sobre su metamorfosis. Revista Chilena Entomología 13: 7-11.

Eyssartier C, Ladio AH, Lozada M (2008) Cultural transmission of traditional knowledge in two populations of north-western Patagonia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 4. https://doi.org/10.1186/1746-4269-4-25 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1746-4269-4-25

Eyssartier C, Ladio AH, Lozada M (2009) Uso de plantas medicinales cultivadas en una comunidad semi-rural de la estepa patagónica. Boletín Latinoamericano y del caribe de plantas medicinales y aromáticas 8: 77-85.

Eyssartier C, Ladio AH, Lozada M (2011) Traditional horticultural knowledge change in a rural population of the Patagonian steppe. Journal of Arid Environments 75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2010.09.006 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2010.09.006

FAO (2024) Food and Agriculture Organization. Manejo integrado de plagas y plaguicidas. [https://www.fao.org/pest-and-pesticide-management/ipm/principles-and-practices/es/] Accessed 04 may 2023

Funes CF, Kirschbaum DS, Escobar LI, Heredia AM (2018) La mosca de las alas manchadas, Drosophila suzukii (Matsamura). Nueva plaga de las frutas finas en Argentina. 1 ed. INTA, Famailla-Tucumán, Argentina.

Furlan V, Jiménez-Escobar ND, Zamudio F, Medrano C (2020) “Ethnobiological equivocation” and other misunderstandings in the interpretation of natures. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsc.2020.101333 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsc.2020.101333

García P (2014) Conocimiento y conservación de semillas agrícolas originarias cultivadas por familias campesinas en el Salado Centro, Santiago del Estero. Tesina de grado. Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Universidad Nacional de Santiago del Estero. 90 pp.

Guber R (2004). El salvaje metropolitano. Reconstrucción del conocimiento social en el trabajo de campo. Paidós, Barcelona, Spain.

Gurung AB (2003) Insects–a mistake in God's creation? Tharu farmers' perception and knowledge of insects: A case study of Gobardiha Village Development Committee, Dang-Deukhuri, Nepal. Agriculture and Human Values 20. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:AHUM.0000005149.30242.7f DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/B:AHUM.0000005149.30242.7f

Haverkort B, Delgado Burgoa F, Shankar D, Millar D (2012) Towards Cocreation of Sciences: Building on the Plurality of Worldviews, Values and Methods in Different Knowledge Communities. Nimby Books, New Delhi, India. https://doi.org/10.18733/C3Z30S DOI: https://doi.org/10.18733/C3Z30S

Heeb L, Jenner E, Cock MJ (2019) Climate-smart pest management: building resilience of farms and landscapes to changing pest threats. Journal of pest science 92. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10340-019-01083-y DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10340-019-01083-y

Hewlett BS, Cavalli-Sforza LL (1986) Cultural transmission among Aka Pygmies. American Anthropologist 88. http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/aa.1986.88.4.02a00100 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/aa.1986.88.4.02a00100

Ibarra CM, Leynaud GC, Pereyra LC, Arias Toledo B (2023) Saberes y leyendas: El etnoconocimiento como herramienta para mejorar la convivencia entre serpientes y pobladores del sur de la Región Chaqueña, Córdoba, Argentina. Ecología Austral 33. https://doi.org/10.25260/EA.23.33.1.0.1922 DOI: https://doi.org/10.25260/EA.23.33.1.0.1922

INDEC (2022) Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas y Censos. Censo Nacional de Población, Hogares y Viviendas 2010: Jurisdicción Río Negro. [https://www.indec.gob.ar/indec/web/Nivel4-Tema-2-41-165] Accessed 04 june 2023

INTA (2024) Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Sistema de Información y Gestión Agrometeorológica. [https://siga.inta.gob.ar/#/] Accessed 04 january 2024

ISE (2006) International Society of Ethnobiology. Code of Ethics [http://ethnobiology. net/code-of-ethics] Accessed 15 april 2023.

Juárez SM, Castillo OC, Gómez ET (2019) La lengua Ngigua como elemento de la diversidad biocultural de la región de Tehuacán. RD-ICUAP 5. https://doi.org/10.32399/icuap.rdic.2448-5829.2019.14.389 DOI: https://doi.org/10.32399/icuap.rdic.2448-5829.2019.14.389

Kremen C, Iles A, Bacon C (2012) Diversified farming systems: an agroecological, systems-based alterna- tive to modern industrial agriculture. Ecology and Society 17. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-05103-170444 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-05103-170444

Laborda L, Easdale MH, Fallot A, Ocaríz MP, Tittonell PA (2023) Rise from the ashes! Resilience patterns in Patagonia pastoralist communities. Sustainable Development 32 https://doi.org/10.1002/sd.2679 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/sd.2679

Ladio AH, Lozada M (2004) Patterns of use and knowledge of wild edible plants from distinct ecological environments: A case study of a Mapuche community from Northwestern Patagonia. Biodiversity and Conservation 13. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:BIOC.0000018150.79156.50 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/B:BIOC.0000018150.79156.50

Ladio AH (2006) Etnobotánica en la Patagonia: conocimiento local e importancia actual de los recursos vegetales en las comunidades rurales. Revista de la Asociación Colombiana de Ciencias Biológicas 18: 13-29

Ladio AH (2011) Etnobotánica aplicada y pequeños horticultores. Desde la Patagonia difundiendo saberes 8: 28-34.

Ladio AH, Molares S, Ochoa J, Cardoso B (2013) Etnobotánica aplicada en Patagonia: la comercialización de malezas de uso comestible y medicinal en una feria urbana de San Carlos de Bariloche (Río Negro, Argentina). Boletín Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Plantas Medicinales y Aromáticas 12: 24-37.

Ladio AH, Albuquerque UP (2014) The concept of hybridization and its contribution to urban ethnobiology. Ethnobiology and Conservation 3. https://doi.org/10.15451/ec2014-11-3.6-1-9 DOI: https://doi.org/10.15451/ec2014-11-3.6-1-9

Ladio AH, Molares S (2017) Etnoconservacionismo y prácticas locales en Patagonia: avances y perspectivas. In: Casas A, Torres-Guevara J, Parra Rondinel F (eds) Domesticación en el continente americano: Investigación para el manejo sustentable de recursos genéticos en el Nuevo Mundo. 1 ed. Morellavalladolid, Morelia, México, pp. 391–411

Ladio AH (2017) Ethnobiology and research on Global Environmental Change: what distinctive contribution can we make? Ethnobiology and Conservation 6. https://doi.org/10.15451/ec2017-07-6.7-1-8 DOI: https://doi.org/10.15451/ec2017-07-6.7-1-8

Ladio AH, Longo Blasón M, Molares S (2023) Resilience processes and positioning of agroecological farmers in an urban horticultural fair in northwest Patagonia. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 25: 1-35. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32859/era.25.54.1-35

Liere H, Egerer M, Sanchez C, Bichier P, Philpott SM (2020) Social context influence on urban gardener perceptions of pests and management practices. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems 4. https://doi.org/10.3389/fsufs.2020.547877 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fsufs.2020.547877

Longo Blasón MS, Molares S, Ladio AH (2022) Las etnoespecies comercializadas en la feria de agricultores de Bariloche (Rio Negro, Argentina) y su versatilidad en alimentos locales: Contribuciones hacia la soberanía alimentaria local. Boletín de la Sociedad Argentina de Botánica 57. https://doi.org/10.31055/1851.2372.v57.n3.37329 DOI: https://doi.org/10.31055/1851.2372.v57.n3.37329

López De La Cruz E, Ruíz Montoya L, Gómez Gómez B, Castro Ramírez AE, Sánchez Cortés MS (2018) Conocimiento y percepción tsotsil sobre los insectos perjudiciales para la milpa en la reserva de la selva El Ocote (Chiapas, México). Estudios de cultura Maya 52. https://doi.org/10.19130/iifl.ecm.2018.52.882. DOI: https://doi.org/10.19130/iifl.ecm.2018.52.882

Lozada MA, Ladio AH, Weigandt M (2004) Aspectos de la adquisición y transmisión del conocimiento sobre plantas silvestres en una comunidad rural del Noroeste de la Patagonia. Bariloche, Argentina: Reunión Internacional Mente y Cultura: 14. Available at https://www.conicet.gov.ar/new_scp/detalle.php?keywords=&id=22014&articulos=yes&detalles=yes&art_id=315187. Accessed November 2023

Lozada M, Ladio AH, Weigandt M (2006) Cultural transmission of ethnobotanical knowledge in a rural community of northwestern Patagonia, Argentina. Economic Botany 60. http://dx.doi.org/10.1663/0013-0001(2006)60[374:CTOEKI]2.0.CO;2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1663/0013-0001(2006)60[374:CTOEKI]2.0.CO;2

Ludwig D, El-Hani CN (2020) Philosophy of ethnobiology: Understanding knowledge integration and its limitations. Journal of Ethnobiology 40. https://doi.org/10.2993/0278-0771-40. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2993/0278-0771-40.1.3

Martínez-Torres ME, Rosset PM (2010) La Vía Campesina: the birth and evolution of a transnational social movement. The Journal of Peasant Studies 37. https://doi.org/10.1080/03066150903498804. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/03066150903498804

Masciocchi M (2013) Dinámica de la dispersión y actividad de la avispa exótica Vespula germanica F. (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) en Argentina. Tesis de Doctorado. Centro Regional Universitario Bariloche, Universidad Nacional del Comahue, San Carlos de Bariloche, Argentina. [http://rdi.uncoma.edu.ar/handle/uncomaid/181] Accessed 11 may 2023

Morales H, Perfecto I (2000) Traditional knowledge and pest management in the Guatemalan highlands. Agriculture and Human Values 17. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1007680726231 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1007680726231

Morales H (2002) Pest management in traditional tropical agroecosystems: Lessons for pest prevention research and extension. Integrated Pest Management Reviews 7. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:IPMR.0000027502.91079.01 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/B:IPMR.0000027502.91079.01

Morales H, Ramírez P, Liere H, Rodas S, López JC (2010) Revalorando viejas prácticas mayas de manejo de plagas del maíz almacenado para la agricultura del futuro. Agroecología 5: 63-71.

Morales D, Molares S, Epele L, Ladio A, Manzo P, Aldai G (2020) An inteerdisciplinary Approach to perception of water quality for human consumption In a Mapuche community of arid Patagonia, Argentina. Science of the Total Environment 720. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.137508 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.137508

Morales D, Molares S, Ladio A (2023) Patagonian Ethnopedology and Its Role in Food Security: A Case Study of Rural Communities in Arid Environments of Argentina. Journal of Ethnobiology 43. https://doi.org/10.1177/027807712311763 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/02780771231176364

Morello J, Matteucci SD, Rodriguez AF, Silva ME (2012) Ecorregiones y complejos Ecosistémicos de Argentina. 1 ed. – Orientación Gráfica, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Mostowlansky T, Rota A (2020) Emic and etic. In: Stein F, Lazar S, Candea M, Diemberger H, Robbins J, Sanchez A, Stasch R (eds) The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Anthropology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK, pp. 1-16. http://doi.org/10.29164/20emicetic DOI: https://doi.org/10.29164/20emicetic

Navarrete RA (2021) Almacenamiento de los productos del cerco en los Departamentos Guasayán y Figueroa, provincia de Santiago del Estero. Tesis de Grado. Facultad de Agronomía y Agroindustrias. 42 pp.

Nakazawa M (2023) fmsb: Functions for Medical Statistics Book with some Demographic Data. R package version 0.7.5 [https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=fmsb] Accessed 04 April 2023

Ocaríz P, Ojeda J (2018) La Feria Franca de Horticultores “Nahuel Huapi” Bariloche, Río Negro, Argentina. Relato de experiencia. VII Congreso Latinoamericano de Agroecología, 2-5 octubre. Guayaquil, Ecuador. [https://repositorio.inta.gob.ar/handle/20.500.12123/3924] Accessed 22 january 2023

Paleólogos MF, Flores CC (2014) Capítulo 10: Principios para el manejo ecológico de plagas. En Santiago Javier Sarandón & Claudia Cecilia Flores (eds). Agroecología: bases teóricas para el diseño y manejo de Agroecosistemas sustentables. 1 ed. - La Plata, Universidad Nacional de La Plata. ISBN 978-950-34-1107-0

Poggi DR (2018) Sistemas de vigilancia y monitoreo de plagas en la República Argentina. Trabajo de Especialidad. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad Nacional de Litoral. Santa Fé. [https://bibliotecavirtual.unl.edu.ar:8443/bitstream/handle/11185/1154/TFI.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y] Accessed 04 january 2023

Posey DA (1984) Hierarchy and utility in a folk biological taxonomic system: patterns in Classification of Arthropods by the Kayapo Indians of Brazil. Journal of Ethnobiology 4: 123-140.

Rathore S, Chandola M, Raghuvanshi R, Kaur M, Singh KV (2021) Indigenous pest management practices of indian hill farmers: Introspecting their rationale and communication pattern for secure ecosystems. Sustainability 13. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132111608 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su132111608

R Core Team (2023) R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. [https://www.R-project.org/]. Accessed 11 April 2023

Reyes García V (2009) Conocimiento ecológico tradicional para la conservación: dinámicas y conflictos. Papeles 107: 39-55.

Reising CA, Lanari MR, Ladio AH (2022) The other sheep, resistant but forgotten: Archetypal characterization of Linca sheep farmers in Argentine Patagonia. Ethnobiology and Conservation 11. https://doi.org/10.15451/ec2022-10-11.25-1-21 DOI: https://doi.org/10.15451/ec2022-10-11.25-1-21

Rovere AE (2022) Los canteros urbanos como parte del paisaje biocultural de Bariloche (Argentina): riqueza de especies y decisiones de manejo. Boletín de la Sociedad Argentina de Botánica 57. https://doi.org/10.31055/1851.2372.v57.n3.37477 DOI: https://doi.org/10.31055/1851.2372.v57.n3.37477

Sánchez Cabezas G (2010) Los mapuchismos en el DRAE. Boletín de filología 45. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-93032010000200008 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-93032010000200008

Santos-Fita D, Costa-Neto EM (2009) Sistemas de clasificación etnozoológicos. In: Costa-Neto EM, Santos-Fita D, Clavijo MV, (eds) Manual de Etnozoología: una guía teórico-práctica para investigar la interconexión del ser humano con los animales. Tundra Ediciones, Valencia, España, pp. 67-94.

Sharma HC (2010) Global warming and climate change: impact on arthropod biodiversity, pest management, and food security. In: National Symposium on Perspectives and Challenges of Integrated Pest Management for Sustainable Agriculture, 19-21.

Solano-Hernandez A, Bruzzone O, Groot J, Laborda L, Martínez A, Tittonell P, Easdale MH (2020) Convergence between satellite information and farmers' perception of drought in rangelands of north-West Patagonia, Argentina. Land Use Policy, 97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2020.104726 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2020.104726

Suárez ME (2020) Morfología botánica wichí: un estudio etnobiológico. Revista del Museo de Antropología, 13. http://dx.doi.org/http://doi.org/10.31048/1852.4826.v13.n3.27844 DOI: https://doi.org/10.31048/1852.4826.v13.n3.27844

Truskanov N, Prat Y (2018) Cultural transmission in an ever-changing world: trial-and-error copying may be more robust than precise imitation. Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences 373. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2017.0050 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2017.0050

Turbay S (2002) Aproximación a los estudios antropológicos sobre la relación entre el ser humano y los animales. En Rostros Culturales de la Fauna. La relación entre los humanos y los animales en el contexto colombiano. Fundación Natura, Instituto Colombiano de Antropología e Historia, Colombia, pp. 87-111.

Turner NJ, Cuerrier A, Joseph L (2022) Well grounded: Indigenous Peoples' knowledge, ethnobiology and sustainability. People and Nature 4. https://doi.org/10.1002/pan3.10321 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/pan3.10321

Villagrán C, Villa R, Hinojosa LF, Sánchez G, Romo M, Maldonado A, Cavieres L, La Torre C, Cuevas J, Castro S, Papic C, Valenzuela A (1999) Etnozoología Mapuche: un estudio preliminar. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 72: 595-627.

Villena Araya B (2017) Diccionario Mapudungún-Español y Español- Mapudungún Fray Félix José de Augusta. Ediciones de la Universidad Católica de Temuco, Temuco, Chile.

Wickham H (2016) ggplot2: Elegant Graphics for Data Analysis. Springer-Verlag New York. [https://ggplot2.tidyverse.org] Accessed 10 may 2023

Zamudio F, Hilgert NI (2012) Descriptive attributes used in the characterization of stingless bees (Apidae: Meliponini) in rural populations of the Atlantic forest (Misiones-Argentina). Journal of ethnobiology and ethnomedicine 8. https://doi.org/10.1186/1746-4269-8-9 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1746-4269-8-9

Zamudio F, Hilgert NI (2015) Multi-dimensionality and variability in folk classification of stingless bees (Apidae: Meliponini). Journal of ethnobiology and ethnomedicine 11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13002-015-0029-z DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13002-015-0029-z

Downloads

Published

07/02/2024

How to Cite

Grimaldi, P. A., Céspedes, F. N. ., Lenta, C. R. ., Blasón, M. S. L. ., & Ladio, A. H. (2024). Preventive, Curative, and Tolerance Practices: Family Farmers’ Local Ecological Knowledge regarding Harmful Crop Arthropods in NW Patagonia. Ethnobiology and Conservation, 13. https://doi.org/10.15451/ec2024-07-13.16-1-25

Issue

Section

Original research article

Most read articles by the same author(s)