Interactions between Cetaceans (suborder Odontoceti) and Artisanal Fishing in Brazil: an ethnoecological approach


  • Breno Carvalho Universidade Estadual da Paraíba
  • Antonio da Silva Souto Universidade Federal de Pernambuco
  • Evaldo de Lira Azevedo Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia da Paraíba



Delphinidae, Operational interactions, Fishing community


Studies based on the relationship between humans and the natural environment have been proven to be important tools for understanding the influence, knowledge, and perceptions associated with the web of interactions between humans, species and ecosystems. Here, we highlight the interactions between cetaceans and artisanal fishing. Thus, this study aimed to: a) compile studies that consider artisanal fishing and its interactions with small cetaceans in Brazil; b) understand research trends over the years; c) analyse the distribution of studies by country region; d) perform authorship and citation analyses; e) classify the interactions between cetaceans and artisanal fishing recorded by authors and f) identify dolphin species registered in the study. To achieve this, we reviewed the current status of national publications related to the interactions of cetaceans (suborder Odontoceti) with artisanal fishing in Brazil, focusing on ethnoecological studies. Seven databases were used to survey the studies. To classify the interactions, we adopted the categorization proposed by Freitas-Netto and adapted by Di Beneditto. Based on the data analysis, we registered 12 types of interactions, seven of which were grouped according to the descriptions proposed by Di Beneditto and five new categories were described based on the results of this study. The studies reported the interaction of 43.2% (n=16) of the 37 odontocete species reported to occur in Brazil, with emphasis on the species Sotalia guianensis, Tursiops truncatus, Pontoporia blainvillei, Inia geoffrensis and Sotalia fluviatilis. From our research it was possible to observe that ethnoecological studies allow us to answer important questions about the occurrence of species and aspects of fishing. Furthermore, we reinforce the importance of developing studies which focus on the knowledge of the existing relationships between cetaceans and traditional fishing methods, since studies on this topic can generate data that contribute to the establishment of mitigation strategies and the management of species and ecosystems.

Author Biographies

Antonio da Silva Souto, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Etnobiologia e Conservação (UFRPE), Av. Prof. Moraes Rego, 1235, Cidade Universitária, Recife (PE), 50670-901.

Evaldo de Lira Azevedo , Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia da Paraíba

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia e Conservação (UEPB), Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Rua Baraúnas, 351, Bairro Universitário, Campina Grande (PB), 58429-500, Brasil.



Abreu JS, Domit C, Zappes CA (2017) Is there dialogue between researchers and traditional community members? The importance of integration between traditional knowledge and scientific knowledge to coastal management. Ocean & Coastal Management 141:10-19. doi: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.03.003. DOI:

Agardy T, Di Sciara GN, Christie P (2011) Mind the gap: addressing the shortcomings of marine protected areas through large scale marine spatial planning. Marine Policy 35:226-232. doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2010.10.006. DOI:

Albuquerque NS, Souto AS (2013) Motorboat noise can potentially mask the whistle sound of estuarine dolphins (Sotalia guianensis). Ethnobiology and Conservation 2:1-15. doi: 10.15451/ec2013-8-2.5-1-15. DOI:

Albuquerque UP, Silva JS, Campos JLA, Sousa RS, Silva TC, Alves RRN (2013) The current status of ethnobiological research in Latin America: gaps and perspectives. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 9:1-9. doi: 10.1186/1746-4269-9-72 DOI:

Alves LCPDS, Zappes CA, Andriolo A (2012) Conflicts between river dolphins (Cetacea: Odontoceti) and fisheries in the Central Amazon: a path toward tragedy?. Zoologia (Curitiba) 29:420-429. doi: 10.1590/S1984-46702012000500005. DOI:

Amaral KB, Danilewicz D, Zerbini A, Di Beneditto AP, Andriolo A, Alvares DJ, Secchik E, Ferreiral E, Sucunzac F, Borges-Martinsb M, Santos MCO, Cremer M, Denuncio P, Ottc PH, Morenoa IB (2018) Reassessment of the franciscana Pontoporia blainvillei (Gervais & d'Orbigny, 1844) distribution and niche characteristics in Brazil. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 508:1-12. doi: 10.1016/j.jembe.2018.07.010. DOI:

Amponsah SK, Asiedu BA, Apraku A, Ntim L, Failler P, Henneh S, Amekor W, Ackah R, Waerebeek KV (2023) Socioeconomics and management of small cetacean bycatch in Ghana. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management 24:227-239. doi: 10.47536/jcrm.v24i1.798. DOI:

Andrew NL, Béné C, Hall SJ, Allison EH, Heck S, Ratner BD (2007) Diagnosis and management of small‐scale fisheries in developing countries. Fish and Fisheries 8:227-240. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-2679.2007.00252.x. DOI:

Araújo JP (2008) Influência das condições ambientais sobre o comportamento do Boto-Cinza (Sotalia guianensis) e sua interação com as atividades antrópicas em Pernambuco. PhD Thesis, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco. [] Acceessed August 20, 2022.

Azevedo ADF, Carvalho RR, Kajin M, Sluys MV, Bisi TL, Cunha HA, Lailson-Brito Jr, J (2017) The first confirmed decline of a delphinid population from Brazilian waters: 2000–2015 abundance of Sotalia guianensis in Guanabara Bay, South-eastern Brazil. Ecological Indicators 79:1-10. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.03.045. DOI:

Azevêdo EDL, Alves RRN, Dias TLP, Álvaro ÉLF, Barbosa JEDL, Molozzi J (2022) Perception of the local community: What is their relationship with environmental quality indicators of reservoirs?. Plos One 17:e0261945. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0261945. DOI:

Azevêdo EL, Drumond MA, Alves RRN, Dias TLP, Molozzi J (2020) Evaluating conservation threats to reservoirs in the semiarid region of Brazil using the perception of residents. Ethnobiology and Conservation 9:1-15. doi: 10.15451/ec2020-02-9.04-1-15. DOI:

Barbosa Filho MLV, Souza GBG, Lopes, SF, Hauser-Davis RA, Siciliano S, Mourao JS (2021) Reef fisher perceptions acknowledge the socio-environmental effectiveness of a 20-year old Brazilian Marine Protected Area. Marine Policy 134:104797. doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2021.104797. DOI:

Barbosa-Filho ML, Barreto RM, Siciliano S, Seminara CI, Costa-Neto EM (2018) Use of cetaceans as bait in southern Bahia, Brazil, by expert fishermen that market shark fins. Ethnobiology Letters 9:12-18. doi: 10.14237/ebl.9.2.2018.953. DOI:

Barbosa-Filho MLV, Costa-Neto EM, Danilewicz D (2016) Dolphin harpooning off the coast of Bahia, Brazil. Marine Biodiversity Records 9:1-3. doi: 10.1186/s41200-016-0046-1. DOI:

Bazzalo M, Flores PA, Pereira MG (2008) Uso de hábitat y principales comportamientos del delfín gris (Sotalia guianensis, Van Bénéden, 1864) en la Bahía Norte, Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Mastozoología Neotropical 15:9-22.

Bearzi G, Fortuna C, Reeves R (2009) Ecology and conservation of common bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus in the Mediterranean Sea. Mammal Review 39:92-123. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2907.2008.00133.x. DOI:

Berkes F (2006) From community-based resource management to complex systems: the scale issue and marine commons. Ecology and Society 11:1-19. DOI:

Berninsone LG, Bordino P, Gnecco M, Foutel M, Mackay AI, Werner TB (2020) Switching gillnets to longlines: an alternative to mitigate the bycatch of Franciscana Dolphins (Pontoporia blainvillei) in Argentina. Frontiers in Marine Science 7:1-19. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2020.00699. DOI:

Bezamat C, Hammond PS, Castilho PV, Simões‐Lopes PC, Daura‐Jorge FG (2021) Dolphin population specialized in foraging with artisanal fishers requires zero‐bycatch management to persist. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 31:3133-3145. doi: 10.1002/aqc.3694. DOI:

Bisi TL, Dorneles PR, Lailson-Brito J, Lepoint G, Azevedo ADF, Flach L, Malm O, Das K (2013) Trophic relationships and habitat preferences of delphinids from the southeastern Brazilian coast determined by carbon and nitrogen stable isotope composition. Plos One 8:1-8. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082205. DOI:

Bordino P, Kraus S, Albareda D, Fazio A, Palmerio A, Mendez M, Botta S (2002) Reducing incidental mortality of Franciscana dolphin Pontoporia blainvillei with acoustic warning devices attached to fishing nets. Marine Mammal Science 18:833-842. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-7692.2002.tb01076.x. DOI:

Bossart GD (2011) Marine mammals as sentinel species for oceans and human health. Veterinary pathology 48:676-690. doi: 10.1177/030098581038852. DOI:

Brandalise LT, Bertolini GRF, Rojo CA, Lezana ÁGR, Possamai O (2009) A percepção e o comportamento ambiental dos universitários em relação ao grau de educação ambiental. Gestão & Produção 16:273-285. doi: 10.1590/S0104-530X2009000200010. DOI:

Brando S, Broom DM, Acasuso-Rivero C, Clark F (2018) Optimal marine mammal welfare under human care: Current efforts and future directions. Behavioural Processes 156:16-36. doi: 10.1016/j.beproc.2017.09.011. DOI:

Brasil. Ministério da Pesca e Aquicultura (2015) Boletim Estatístico da Pesca e Aquicultura. 2015. MPA. [ acao02022012041757.pdf.] Acceessed April 27, 2022.

Brasil. Ministério do Meio Ambiente. Gabinete do Ministro (2022) Portaria MMA nº 148, de 7 de junho de 2022. MMA. [] Acceessed April 27, 2022.

Brito T (2012) O conhecimento ecológico local e a interação de botos com a pesca no litoral do estado do Pará, região Norte–Brasil. Biotemas 25:259-277. doi: 10.5007/2175-7925.2012v25n4p259. DOI:

Brum SM, Silva VMF, Rossoni F, Castello L (2015) Use of dolphins and caimans as bait for Calophysus macropterus (Lichtenstein, 1819) (Siluriforme: Pimelodidae) in the Amazon. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 31:675-680. doi: 10.1111/jai.12772. DOI:

Campbell E, Mangel JC, Alfaro-Shigueto J, Mena JL, Thurstan RH, Godley BJ (2020a) Coexisting in the Peruvian Amazon: interactions between fisheries and river dolphins. Journal for Nature Conservation 56:1-26. doi: 10.1016/j.jnc.2020.125859. DOI:

Campbell, E, Pasara-Polack, A, Mangel JC, Alfaro-Shigueto J (2020b) Use of small cetaceans as bait in small-scale fisheries in Peru. Frontiers in Marine Science 7:1-9. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2020.534507. DOI:

Cantor M, Simões-Lopes PC, Daura-Jorge FG (2018) Spatial consequences for dolphins specialized in foraging with fishermen. Animal Behaviour 139:19-27. doi: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2018.03.002. DOI:

Cantor M, Wedekin LL, Daura‐Jorge FG, Rossi‐Santos MR, Simões‐Lopes PC (2012a) Assessing population parameters and trends of Guiana dolphins (Sotalia guianensis): An eight‐year mark‐recapture study. Marine Mammal Science 28:63-83. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-7692.2010.00456.x. DOI:

Cantor M, Wedekin LL, Guimaraes PR, Daura-Jorge FG, Rossi-Santos MR, Simoes-Lopes PC (2012b) Disentangling social networks from spatiotemporal dynamics: the temporal structure of a dolphin society. Animal Behaviour 84:641-651. doi: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2012.06.019. DOI:

Carolsfeld J, Bank W (2003) Migratory Fishes of South America: Biology, Fisheries and Conservation Status. IDRC. DOI:

Carrera ML, Favaro EGP, Souto A (2008) The response of marine tucuxis (Sotalia fluviatilis) towards tourist boats involves avoidance behaviour and a reduction in foraging. Animal Welfare 17:117-123. doi: 10.1017/S0962728600027627. DOI:

Carzon P, Clua É, Dudzinski KM, Delfour F (2023) Deleterious behaviors and risks related to close interactions between humans and free-ranging dolphins: A review. Biological Conservation 279:109948. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2023.109948. DOI:

Castellucci W (2021) Baleias e Império: os Estados Unidos ea expansão baleeira nos mares do Atlântico Sul (1761-1844). Revista de História (São Paulo) 180:1-34. doi: 10.11606/issn.2316-9141.rh.2021.165401. DOI:

Catão B (2021) Águas de dançar juntos: coordenação e sintonização multiespécies na pesca com os botos em Laguna (SC, Brasil). Ilha Revista de Antropologia 23:30-49. doi: 10.5007/2175-8034.2021.e77519. DOI:

Catão B, Barbosa GC (2018) “Good dolphins”, fishes and fishermen: about the conjoint fishing in Laguna (Santa Catarina, Brazil). Revista Do Instituto de Estudos Brasileiros 69:205-225. doi: 10.11606/issn.2316-901X.v0i69p205-225. DOI:

Celeste RK, Gehrke GH, Santos CMD, Moyses SJ (2021) Trends in general and public health scientific output of authors affiliated to Brazilian institutions among high-impact and SciELO journals: 1995-2019. Cadernos de Saúde Pública 37:1-12. doi: 10.1590/0102-311X00197820. DOI:

Cezar LS, Theis R (2021) Ser ou não ser pescadora artesanal? Trabalho feminino, reconhecimento e representação social entre marisqueiras da Bacia de Campos, RJ. Revista de Antropologia 63:1-20. doi: 10.11606/1678-9857.ra.2020.178848. DOI:

Cherem JJ, Simões-Lopes PC, Althoff S, Graipel ME (2004) Lista dos mamíferos do estado de Santa Catarina, sul do Brasil. Mastozoología neotropical 11:151-184.

Civil MA, Cheney B, Quick NJ, Islas‐Villanueva V, Graves JA, Janik VM, Thompson PM, Hammond PS (2019) Variations in age‐and sex‐specific survival rates help explain population trend in a discrete marine mammal population. Ecology and Evolution 9:533-544. doi: DOI:

Clegg IL, Rödel HG, Delfour F (2017) Bottlenose dolphins engaging in more social affiliative behaviour judge ambiguous cues more optimistically. Behavioural Brain Research 322:115-122. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2017.01.026. DOI:

Connor RC, Krützen M, Allen SJ, Sherwin WB, King SL (2022) Strategic intergroup alliances increase access to a contested resource in male bottlenose dolphins. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 119:1-8. doi: 10.1073/pnas.212172311. DOI:

Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior. CAPES (2021) Sistema de Informações Georreferenciadas. GEOCAPES [] Acceessed February 3, 2023.

Cram DL, van der Wal JEM, Uomini N, Cantor M, Afan AI, Attwood MC, Amphaeris J, Balasani F, Blair CJ, Bronstein JL, Buanachique IO, Cuthill RRT, Das J, Daura-Jorge FG, Deb A, Dixit T, Dlamini GS, Dounias E, Gedi II, Gruber M, Hoffmann LS, Holzlehner T, Isack HA, Laltaika EA, Lloyd-Jones DJ, Lund J, Machado AMS, Mahadevan L, Moreno IB, Nwaogu CJ, Pierotti R, Rucunua SA, Santos WF, Serpa N, Smith BD, Sridhar H, Tolkova I, Tun T, Valle-Pereira JVS, Wood BM, Wrangham RW, Spottiswoode CN (2022) The ecology and evolution of human‐wildlife cooperation. People and Nature 4:841-855. doi: 10.1002/pan3.10369. DOI:

Cranford TW, Amundin M, Norris KS (1996) Functional morphology and homology in the odontocete nasal complex: implications for sound generation. Journal of morphology 228:223-285. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-4687(199606)228:3<223::AID-JMOR1>3.0.CO;2-3. DOI:<223::AID-JMOR1>3.3.CO;2-S

Cunha HA, Medeiros BV, Barbosa LA, Cremer MJ, Marigo J, Lailson-Brito J, Azevedo AF, Solé-Cava AM (2014) Population structure of the endangered franciscana dolphin (Pontoporia blainvillei): reassessing management units. Plos One 9:1-8. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0085633. DOI:

Cunha HA, Silva, VMF, Lailson-Brito J, Santos MDO, Flores PA, Martin AR, Azevedo AF, Fragoso ABL, Zanelatto RC, Solé-Cava AM (2005) Riverine and marine ecotypes of Sotalia dolphins are different species. Marine Biology 148:449-457. doi: 10.1007/s00227-005-0078-2. DOI:

Currey RJ, Dawson SM, Slooten E, Schneider K, Lusseau D, Boisseau OJ, Haase P, Williams JA (2009) Survival rates for a declining population of bottlenose dolphins in Doubtful Sound, New Zealand: an information theoretic approach to assessing the role of human impacts. Aquatic conservation: marine and freshwater ecosystems 19:658-670. doi: 10.1002/aqc.1015. DOI:

Danilewicz D, Secchi ER, Ott PH, Moreno IB, Bassoi M, Borges-Martins M (2009) Habitat use patterns of franciscana dolphins (Pontoporia blainvillei) off southern Brazil in relation to water depth. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 89:943-949. doi: 10.1017/S002531540900054X. DOI:

Daura-Jorge FG, Wedekin LL, Piacentini VDQ, Simões-Lopes, PC (2005) Seasonal and daily patterns of group size, cohesion and activity of the estuarine dolphin, Sotalia guianensis (PJ van Bénéden) (Cetacea, Delphinidae), in southern Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 22:1014-1021. doi: 10.1590/S0101-81752005000400029. DOI:

Daura-Jorge FG, Wedekin LL, Simões-Lopes PC (2004) Variação sazonal na intensidade dos deslocamentos do boto-cinza, Sotalia guianensis (Cetacea: Delphinidae), na Baía Norte da Ilha de Santa Catarina. Biotemas 17:203-216.

Davis A, Wagner JR (2003) Who knows? On the importance of identifying “experts” when researching local ecological knowledge. Human ecology 31:463-489. doi: 10.1023/A:1025075923297. DOI:

Davis LE, Gallman RE, Gleiter K (2007) Pursuit of Leviathan: Technology, Institutions, Productivity, and Profits in American Whaling, 1816-1906. University of Chicago Press.

De la Torre-Castro M, Fröcklin S, Börjesson S, Okupnik J, Jiddawi NS (2017) Gender analysis for better coastal management–Increasing our understanding of social-ecological seascapes. Marine Policy 83:62-74. doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2017.05.015. DOI:

Deconto LS, Novelli MB, Lima, DJS, Monteiro-Filho EL (2021) Influence of natural and anthropogenic sound sources on the soundscape of the Cananéia estuary, southeastern Brazil. Marine Pollution Bulletin 169:1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.112502. DOI:

DeMaster DP, Fowler CW, Perry SL, Richlen MF (2001) Predation and competition: the impact of fisheries on marine-mammal populations over the next one hundred years. Journal of Mammalogy 82:641-651. doi: 10.1644/1545-1542(2001)082<0641:PACTIO>2.0.CO;2. DOI:

Di Beneditto APM (2003) Interactions between gillnet fisheries and small cetaceans in northern Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: 2001-2002. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Mammals 2:79-86. doi: 10.5597/lajam00035.

Di Beneditto APM (2003) Interactions between gillnet fisheries and small cetaceans in northern Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: 2001-2002. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Mammals 2:79-86. doi: 10.5597/lajam00035. DOI:

Di Beneditto APM (2004) Guia para estudo de cetáceos. (Vol. 1). Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro, Centro de Biociências e Biotecnologia, Laboratório de Ciências Ambientais.

Diegues AC (1999) A sócio-antropologia das comunidades de pescadores marítimos no Brasil. Etnográfica. Revista do Centro em Rede de Investigação em Antropologia 3:361-376. doi: 10.4000/etnografica.3047. DOI:

Diegues AC (2008) Marine protected areas and artisanal fisheries in Brazil. International Collective in Support of Fishworkers.

Diegues ACS (2000) Etnoconservação da natureza: enfoques alternativos. Etnoconservação: novos rumos para a proteção da natureza nos trópicos.

Dolman SJ, Breen CN, Brakes P, Butterworth A, Allen SJ (2022) The individual welfare concerns for small cetaceans from two bycatch mitigation techniques. Marine Policy 143:105126. doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2022.105126. DOI:

Domiciano IG, Domit C, Broadhurst MK, Koch MS, Bracarense APF (2016) Assessing disease and mortality among small cetaceans stranded at a world heritage site in southern Brazil. Plos One 11:1-17. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0149295. DOI:

Dudzinski KM, Frohoff T (2008) Dolphin Mysteries: Unlocking the Secrets of Communication. Yale University Press.

Cervantes Escobar A, Arturo Ruiz-Luna, Robles, César Alejandro Berlanga

(2023) Social perceptions of ecosystem services delivered by coastal wetlands: their value and the threats they face in northwestern Mexico. Ethnobiology and Conservation 12: 1-15.

El-Hani CN, Poliseli L, Ludwig D (2022) Beyond the divide between indigenous and academic knowledge: Causal and mechanistic explanations in a Brazilian fishing community. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 91:296-306. doi: 10.1016/j.shpsa.2021.11.001. DOI:

Fader JE, Baird RW, Bradford AL, Dunn DC, Forney KA, Read AJ (2021) Patterns of depredation in the Hawai ‘i deep‐set longline fishery informed by fishery and false killer whale behavior. Ecosphere 12:1-23. doi: 10.1002/ecs2.3682. DOI:

Fernández-Vidal D, Muiño R (2014) Fact or fiction? Assessing governance and co-management of Marine Reserves of Fishing Interest in Cedeira and Lira (NW Spain). Marine Policy 47:15-22. doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2014.01.016. DOI:

Ferreira EC, Muelbert MM, Secchi ER (2010) Distribuição espaço-temporal das capturas acidentais de toninhas (Pontoporia blainvillei) em redes de emalhe e dos encalhes ao longo da costa sul do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Atlântica (Rio Grande) 32:183-197. doi: 0.5088/atlântica.v32i2.2468. DOI:

Fettuccia DDC, Silva VMF, Simões-Lopes PC (2009) Non-metric characters in two species of Sotalia (Gray, 1866) (Cetacea, Delphinidae). Brazilian Journal of Biology 69:907-917. doi: 10.1590/S1519-69842009000400020. DOI:

Forney KA, Southall BL, Slooten E, Dawson S, Read AJ, Baird RW, Brownell Jr RL (2017) Nowhere to go: noise impact assessments for marine mammal populations with high site fidelity. Endangered Species Research 32:391-413. doi: 10.3354/esr00820. DOI:

Freitas Netto R (2003) Levantamento das artes pesca no litoral do Espírito Santo e suas Interações com os Cetáceos. MSc. dissertation, Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense.

Freitas Netto R, Di Beneditto APM (2008) Interactions between fisheries and cetaceans in Espírito Santo State coast, southeastern Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Zoociências 10:55-63.

Fruet PF, Genoves RC, Möller LM, Botta S, Secchi ER (2015) Using mark-recapture and stranding data to estimate reproductive traits in female bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) of the Southwestern Atlantic Ocean. Marine Biology 162:661-673. doi: 10.1007/s00227-015-2613-0. DOI:

Fruet PF, Secchi ER, Di Tullio JC, Kinas PG (2011) Abundance of bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops truncatus (Cetacea: Delphinidae), inhabiting the Patos Lagoon estuary, southern Brazil: implications for conservation. Zoologia (Curitiba) 28:23-30. doi: 10.1590/S1984-46702011000100004. DOI:

Galvão JR, Tedesco CD (2022) Contributions of environmental perception to sustainability in the buffer zone of a protected area. Ambiente & Sociedade 25:1-22. doi: 10.1590/1809-4422asoc20180262r5r1vu2022L4OA. DOI:

Gariboldi MC, Túnez JI, Dejean CB, Failla M, Vitullo AD, Negri MF, Cappozzo HL (2015) Population genetics of Franciscana dolphins (Pontoporia blainvillei): introducing a new population from the southern edge of their distribution. Plos One 10:1-15. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0132854. DOI:

Gariboldi MC, Túnez JI, Failla M, Hevia M, Panebianco MV, Paso Viola MN, Vitullo AD, Cappozzo HL (2016) Patterns of population structure at microsatellite and mitochondrial DNA markers in the franciscana dolphin (Pontoporia blainvillei). Ecology and evolution 6:8764-8776. doi: 10.1002/ece3.2596. DOI:

GC, Silva RF, Oliveira IN, Paulino LRS, Monteiro PFF, Carvalho RCX (2021) Estudos de Etnozoologia Realizados nas Comunidades Pesqueiras no Nordeste do Brasil: Revisão Sistemática. Revista Brasileira de Meio Ambiente 9:146-164. doi: 10.5281/zenodo.5703361.

Gerhardinger LC, Godoy EA, Jones PJ (2009) Local ecological knowledge and the management of marine protected areas in Brazil. Ocean & Coastal Management 52:154-165. doi: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2008.12.007. DOI:

Gillet A, Frédérich B, Parmentier E (2019) Divergent evolutionary morphology of the axial skeleton as a potential key innovation in modern cetaceans. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 286:1-9. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2019.1771. DOI:

Gomez JJ, Cassini MH (2015) Environmental predictors of habitat suitability and biogeographical range of Franciscana dolphins (Pontoporia blainvillei). Global Ecology and Conservation 3:90-99. doi: 10.1016/j.gecco.2014.11.007. DOI:

Gravena W, Nunes MS, Souza, IS (2021) Aquatic Mammals of the Amazon: A Review of Gene Diversity, Population Structure and Phylogeography Applied to Conservation. In: Molecular Ecology and Conservation Genetics of Neotropical Mammals. Springer International Publishing. DOI:

Hamilton S, Baker GB (2019) Technical mitigation to reduce marine mammal bycatch and entanglement in commercial fishing gear: lessons learnt and future directions. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 29:223-247. doi: 10.1007/s11160-019-09550-6. DOI:

Ingram SN, Rogan E (2002) Identifying critical areas and habitat preferences of bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus. Marine Ecology Progress Series 244:247-255. doi: 10.3354/meps244247. DOI:

Iriarte V, Marmontel M (2013) Insights on the use of dolphins (boto, Inia geoffrensis and tucuxi, Sotalia fluviatilis) for bait in the piracatinga (Calophysus macropterus) fishery in the western Brazilian Amazon. J. Cetacean Res. Manage 13:163-173. doi: 10.47536/jcrm.v13i2.546. DOI:

Jacobs MH, Harms M (2014) Influence of interpretation on conservation intentions of whale tourists. Tourism Management 42:123-131. doi: 10.1016/j.tourman.2013.11.009. DOI:

Jimenez ÉA, Barboza RSL, Amaral MT, Frédou FL (2019) Understanding changes to fish stock abundance and associated conflicts: Perceptions of small-scale fishers from the Amazon coast of Brazil. Ocean & Coastal Management 182:1-12. doi: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2019.104954. DOI:

Johnson A (1974) Ethnoecology and planting practices in a swidden agricultural system 1. American ethnologist 1:87-101. doi: 10.1525/ae.1974.1.1.02a00050. DOI:

Junior WC (2022). Whaling in the South Atlantic: Hunting Whales along the Brazilian Coast (1760–1850). In: Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History. New York: Oxford University Press.

Katsanevakis S, Stelzenmüller V, South A, Sørensen TK, Jones PJS, Kerr S, Badalamenti F, Anagnostou C, Breen P, Chust G, D’Anna G, Duijn M, Filatova T, Fiorentino F, Hulsman H, Johnson K, Karageorgis AP, Kröncke I, Mirto S, Pipitone C, Portelli S, Qiu W, Reiss H, Sakellariou D, Salomidi M, Van Hoof L, Vassilopoulou V, Fernández TV, Vögek S, Webern A, Zenetosa A, Ter Hofstede R (2011) Ecosystem-based marine spatial management: review of concepts, policies, tools, and critical issues. Ocean & coastal management 54:807-820. doi: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2011.09.002. DOI:

Kelkar N, Krishnaswamy J, Choudhary S, Sutaria D (2010) Coexistence of fisheries with river dolphin conservation. Conservation Biology 24:1130-1140. doi: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2010.01467.x. DOI:

Khan A, Goodell JW, Hassan MK, Paltrinieri A (2022) A bibliometric review of finance bibliometric papers. Finance Research Letters 47:102520. doi: 10.1016/ DOI:

Khan A, Hassan MK, Paltrinieri A, Dreassi A, Bahoo S (2020) A bibliometric review of takaful literature. International Review of Economics & Finance 69:389-405. doi: 10.1016/j.iref.2020.05.013. DOI:

Laporta P, Martins CC, Lodi L, Domit C, Vermeulen E, Di Tullio JC (2016) Report of the working group on habitat use of Tursiops truncatus in the Southwest Atlantic Ocean. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Mammals 11:47-61. doi: 10.5597/00215. DOI:

Leopold M, Beckensteiner J, Kaltavara J, Raubani J, Caillon S (2013) Community-based management of near-shore fisheries in Vanuatu: What works? Marine Policy 42:167-176. doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2013.02.013. DOI:

Li TM (1996) Images of community: discourse and strategy in property relations. Development and change 27:501-527. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-7660.1996.tb00601.x. DOI:

Lima GS, Menegario AA, Suarez CA, Kamazuka SH, Gemeiner H, Sánchez-Sarmiento AM, Ferioli RB, Barreto AS (2023) Pelagic and estuarine birds as sentinels of metal (loid) s in the South Atlantic Ocean: Ecological niches as main factors acting on bioaccumulation. Environmental Pollution 326:1-38. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2023.121452. DOI:

Lima MSP, Oliveira JEL, Nóbrega MF, Lopes PFM (2017) The use of Local Ecological Knowledge as a complementary approach to understand the temporal and spatial patterns of fishery resources distribution. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 13:1-12. doi: 10.1186/s13002-017-0156-9. DOI:

Linke S, Bruckmeier K (2015) Co-management in fisheries–experiences and changing approaches in Europe. Ocean & Coastal Management 104:170-181. doi: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2014.11.017. DOI:

Loch C, Marmontel M, Simoes-Lopes PC (2009) Conflicts with fisheries and intentional killing of freshwater dolphins (Cetacea: Odontoceti) in the Western Brazilian Amazon. Biodiversity and Conservation 18:3979-3988. doi: 10.1007/s10531-009-9693-4. DOI:

Loch TK, Riechers M (2021) Integrating indigenous and local knowledge in management and research on coastal ecosystems in the Global South: A literature review. Ocean & Coastal Management 212:1-19. doi: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2021.105821. DOI:

Lodi L (2003) Seleção e uso do habitat pelo boto-cinza, Sotalia guianensis (van Bénéden, 1864) (Cetacea, Delphinidae), na Baía de Paraty, Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Bioikos–Título não-corrente 17:1-16.

Lodi L, Borobia M (2013) Baleias, Botos E Golfinhos Do Brasil. Guia De Identificação. 1a edição ed. Technical, Rio de Janeiro.

Lodi L, Zappes CA, Santos ÁSG (2013) Aspectos etnoecológicos e implicações para a conservação de Tursiops truncatus (Cetartiodactyla: Delphinidae) no Arquipélago das Cagarras, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Sitientibus série Ciências Biológicas 13:1-12. doi: 10.13102/scb200. DOI:

Machado, AMS, Daura-Jorge FG, Herbst DF, Simoes-Lopes PC, Ingram SN, Castilho PV, Peroni N (2019) Artisanal fishers' perceptions of the ecosystem services derived from a dolphin-human cooperative fishing interaction in southern Brazil. Ocean & coastal management 173:148-156. doi: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2019.03.003. DOI:

Mangel JC, Alfaro-Shigueto J, Van Waerebeek K, Cáceres C, Bearhop S, Witt MJ, Godley BJ (2010) Small cetacean captures in Peruvian artisanal fisheries: high despite protective legislation. Biological Conservation 143:136-143. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2009.09.017. DOI:

Mann J, Connor RC, Barre LM, Heithaus MR (2000) Female reproductive success in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.): life history, habitat, provisioning, and group-size effects. Behavioral Ecology 11:210-219. doi: 10.1093/beheco/11.2.210. DOI:

Manzan MF, Lopes PF (2015) Fishers’ knowledge as a source of information about the estuarine dolphin (Sotalia guianensis, van Bénéden, 1864). Environmental monitoring and assessment 187:1-15. doi: DOI 10.1007/s10661-014-4096-8. DOI:

Marmontel VIM (2013) River dolphin (Inia geoffrensis, Sotalia fluviatilis) mortality events attributed to artisanal fisheries in the Western Brazilian Amazon. Aquatic Mammals 39:116-124. doi: 10.1578/AM.39.2.2013.116. DOI:

Martins LR, Tabajara LL, Ferreira ER (2004) Linha de Costa: problemas e estudos. Revista Gravel 2:40-56.

Meirelles ACO, Barros HMDR (2007) Plastic debris ingested by a rough-toothed dolphin, Steno bredanensis, stranded alive in northeastern Brazil. Biotemas 20:127-131.

Meirelles ACO, Monteiro-Neto C, Martins AM, Costa AF, Barros HM, Alves MDO (2009) Cetacean strandings on the coast of Ceará, north-eastern Brazil (1992–2005). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 89:1083-1090. doi: 10.1017/S0025315409002215. DOI:

Meirelles AD, Ribeiro AC, Silva CPN, Soares-Filho AA (2010) Records of Guiana dolphin, Sotalia guianensis, in the state of Ceará, northeastern Brazil. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Mammals 8:97-102. doi: 10.5597/lajam00157. DOI:

Mintzer VJ, Diniz K, Frazer TK (2018) The use of aquatic mammals for bait in global fisheries. Frontiers in Marine Science 5:1-26. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00191. DOI:

Mintzer VJ, Martin AR, Silva VM, Barbour AB, Lorenzen K, Frazer TK (2013) Effect of illegal harvest on apparent survival of Amazon River dolphins (Inia geoffrensis). Biological Conservation 158:280-286. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2012.10.006. DOI:

Mintzer VJ, Schmink M, Lorenzen K, Frazer TK, Martin AR, Silva VM (2015) Attitudes and behaviors toward Amazon River dolphins (Inia geoffrensis) in a sustainable use protected area. Biodiversity and Conservation 24:247-269. doi: 10.1007/s10531-014-0805-4. DOI:

Molnár Z, Babai D (2021) Inviting ecologists to delve deeper into traditional ecological knowledge. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 36:679-690. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2021.04.006. DOI:

Monteiro-Filho ELA, Bonin CA, Rautenberg M (1999) Interações interespecíficas dos mamíferos marinhos na região da Baía de Guaratuba, litoral sul do Estado do Paraná. Biotemas 12:119-132.

Monteiro-Neto C, Alves-Júnior TT, Avila FC, Campos AA, Costa AF, Silva CN, Furtado-Neto MAA (2000) Impact of fisheries on the tucuxi (Sotalia fluviatilis) and rough-toothed dolphin (Steno bredanensis) populations off Ceará state, northeastern Brazil. Aquatic Mammals 26:49-56.

Moreno IB, Tavares M, Danilewicz D, Ott PH, Machado R (2009) Description of the coastal medium scale fishery on the northern Rio Grande do Sul State: fishing communities from Imbé/Tramandaí and Passo de Torres/Torres. Boletim do Instituto de Pesca 35:129-140.

Morton FB, Robinson LM, Brando S, Weiss A (2021) Personality structure in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Journal of Comparative Psychology (Washington, D.C.: 1983) 135:219-231. doi: 10.1037/com0000259. DOI:

Moura EG, Camargo Junior KR (2017) A crise no financiamento da pesquisa e pós-graduação no Brasil. Cadernos de Saúde Pública 33:1-3. doi: 10.1590/0102-311X00052917. DOI:

Moura FBP, Marques JGW (2007) Conhecimento de pescadores tradicionais sobre a dinâmica espaço-temporal de recursos naturais na Chapada Diamantina, Bahia. Biota Neotropica 7:119-126. doi: 10.1590/S1676-06032007000300014. DOI:

Moura JF (2009) O boto-cinza (Sotalia guianensis) como sentinela da saúde dos ambientes costeiros: estudo das concentrações de mercúrio no estuário Amazônico e costa norte do Rio de Janeiro. MSc. dissertation, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz.

Nardin D, Franzen AC (2023) Relações entre biomimética, pensamento sistêmico e conhecimento ecológico tradicional: um guia para tomada de decisões arquitetônicas regenerativas. MSc. dissertation, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria.

Custodio Nascimento M, Santos SR, Vianna M (2023) A Bibliometric Analysis Concerning Local Ecological Knowledge on Elasmobranchs and Chimaeras. Ethnobiology and Conservation 12: 1-19. DOI:

Nóbrega DN, Monteiro BEF, Limeira MCA, Melo ALTM, Nunes DM, Silva RAF, Alves

Noke WD, Odell DK (2002) Interactions Between the Indian River Lagoon Blue Crab Fishery and the Bottlenose Dolphin, Tursiops truncatus. Marine Mammal Science 18:819-832. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-7692.2002.tb01075.x. DOI:

Ota Y, Just R (2008) Fleet sizes, fishing effort and the ‘hidden’ factors behind statistics: An anthropological study of small-scale fisheries in UK. Marine Policy 32:301-308. doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2007.06.006. DOI:

Ott PH, Secchi ER, Moreno IB, Danilewicz D, Crespo EA, Bordino P, Ramos R, Beneditto APD, Bertozzi C, Bastida R, Zanelatto R, Perez JE, Kinas PG (2002) Report of the Working Group on Fishery Interactions. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Mammals 1:55-64. doi: 10.5597/lajam00008. DOI:

Parsons ECM, Rose NA (2022) The history of cetacean hunting and changing attitudes to whales and dolphins. In: Marine Mammals: the Evolving Human Factor. Cham: Springer International Publishing. DOI:

Paschoalini VU, Santos MCO (2020) Movements and habitat use of bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops truncatus, in south-eastern Brazil. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 100:651-662. doi: 10.1017/S0025315420000387. DOI:

Pereira MG, Bazzalo M, Flores PAC (2007) Reações comportamentais na superfície de Sotalia guianensis (Cetacea, Delphinidae) durante encontros com embarcações na Baía Norte de Santa Catarina. Revista Brasileira de Zoociências 9:123-135.

Perrin WF, Würsig B, Thewissen JGM (Eds.) (2009) Encyclopedia of marine mammals. Academic Press.

Pinheiro L, Cremer M (2003) Etnoecologia e captura acidental de golfinhos (Cetacea: Pontoporidae e Delphinidae) na Baía da Babitonga, Santa Catarina. Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente 8:69-75. DOI:

Pita P, Fernández-Vidal D, García-Galdo J, Muíño R (2016) The use of the traditional ecological knowledge of fishermen, cost-effective tools and participatory models in artisanal fisheries: Towards the co-management of common octopus in Galicia (NW Spain). Fisheries Research 178:4-12. doi: 10.1016/j.fishres.2015.07.021. DOI:

Piwetz S (2019) Common bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) behavior in an active narrow seaport. Plos One 14:1-23. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0211971. DOI:

Prado JHF, Secchi ER, Kinas PG (2013) Mark-recapture of the endangered franciscana dolphin (Pontoporia blainvillei) killed in gillnet fisheries to estimate past bycatch from time series of stranded carcasses in southern Brazil. Ecological Indicators 32:35-41. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2013.03.005. DOI:

Przbylski CB, Monteiro-Filho ELA (2001) Interação entre pescadores e mamíferos marinhos no litoral do Estado do Paraná-Brasil. Biotemas 14:141-156.

Purcell SW, Tagliafico A, Cullis BR, Gogel BJ (2020) Understanding gender and factors affecting fishing in an artisanal shellfish fishery. Frontiers in Marine Science 7:297. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2020.00297. DOI:

Mani Rai I, Dhakal RK (2024) Politics of Knowledge in Conservation:(De) valued Traditional Ecological Knowledge of Bote in Chitwan National Park, Nepal. Ethnobiology and Conservation 13:1-13 DOI:

Quintana-Rizzo E (2011) Harpooning and entanglement of wild dolphins in the Pacific coast of Guatemala. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Mammals 9:179-182. doi: 10.5597/lajam00187. DOI:

Read AJ (2008) The Looming Crisis: Interactions between Marine Mammals and Fisheries. Journal of Mammalogy 89:541-548. doi: 10.1644/07-MAMM-S-315R1.1. DOI:

Ribeiro WC, Lobato W, Liberato RDC (2009) Notas sobre fenomenologia, percepção e educação ambiental. Revista Sinapse Ambiental 6:42-65.

Rodrigues GA, Fontes DF, Santiago DAM (2018) A matança de boto na região Amazônica por pescadores. Revista de Estudos Interdisciplinares do Vale do Araguaia - REIVA 1:1-5.

Rosa GA, Zappes CA, Di Beneditto APM (2012) Etnoecologia de pequenos cetáceos: interações entre a pesca artesanal e golfinhos no norte do estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Biotemas 25:293-304. doi:10.5007/2175-7925.2012v25n3p293 DOI:

Rosa LD, Secchi ER (2007) Killer whale (Orcinus orca) interactions with the tuna and swordfish longline fishery off southern and south-eastern Brazil: a comparison with shark interactions. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 87:135-140. doi: 10.1017/S0025315407054306. DOI:

Santamaría L, Méndez PF (2012) Evolution in biodiversity policy – current gaps and future needs. Evolutionary Applications 5:202-218. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-4571.2011.00229.x. DOI:

Santos LB, Sousa RO, Ferreira LSS, Nápolis PMM (2022) Estudos sobre percepção ambiental no Brasil: uma revisão. Revista Brasileira de Educação Ambiental (RevBEA) 17:131-148. doi: 10.34024/revbea.2022.v17.12270. DOI:

Santos MCO (2010) Guiana dolphins (Sotalia guianensis) displaying beach hunting behavior in the Cananéia Estuary, Brazil: social context and conservation issues. Brazilian Journal of Oceanography 58:143-152. doi: 10.1590/S1679-87592010000200005. DOI:

Santos MCO, Figueiredo GC (2016) A rare sighting of a bottlenose whale (Hyperoodon planifrons, Flower, 1882) in shallow waters off Southernern Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Oceanography 64:105-110. doi: 10.1590/S1679-87592016108006401. DOI:

Santos MCO, Rosso S (2008) Social organization of marine tucuxi Dolphins, Sotalia guianensis, in the Cananéia estuary of Southernern Brazil. Journal of Mammalogy 89:347-355. doi: 10.1644/07-MAMM-A-090R2.1. DOI:

Santos MCO, Siciliano S, Vicente AF de C, Alvarenga FS, Zampirolli É, Souza SP, Maranho A (2010) Cetacean records along São Paulo state coast, Southernern Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Oceanography 58:123-142. doi: 10.1590/S1679-87592010000200004. DOI:

Santos SR, Macedo MLC, Maciel TR, Souza GBG, Silva Almeida L, Gadig OBF, Vianna M (2022) A tale that never loses in the telling: Considerations for the shifting ethnobaseline based on artisanal fisher records from the southwestern Atlantic. Ethnobiology and Conservation 11: 1-20. DOI:

Santos ML, Lemos VM, Vieira JP (2018) No mullet, no gain: cooperation between dolphins and cast net fishermen in southern Brazil. Zoologia (Curitiba), 35:1-13. doi: 10.3897/zoologia.35.e24446. DOI:

Schwartzman S (2006) A universidade primeira do Brasil: entre intelligentsia, padrão internacional e inclusão social. Estudos Avançados 20:161-189. doi: 10.1590/S0103-40142006000100012. DOI:

Secchi E, Ott P, Danilewicz D (2003) Effects of fishing by-catch and conservation status of the franciscana dolphin, Pontoporia blainvillei. Marine Mammals: Fisheries, Tourism and Management Issues 174-191.

Secchi E, Santos MCO, Reeves R (2018) Sotalia guianensis. (Sotalia guianensis (errata version published in 2019). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, 2018. [] Acceessed April 24, 2023. DOI:

Secchi ER, Cremer MJ, Danilewicz D, Lailson-Brito J (2021) A synthesis of the ecology, human-related threats and conservation perspectives for the endangered franciscana dolphin. Frontiers in Marine Science 8:1-18. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2021.617956. DOI:

Secchi ER, Kinas PG, Muelbert M (2004) Incidental catches of franciscana in coastal gillnet fisheries in the Franciscana Management Area III: period 1999-2000. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Mammals 3:61-68. doi: 10.5597/lajam00049. DOI:

Serres A, Delfour F (2017) Environmental changes and anthropogenic factors modulate social play in captive bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Zoo Biology 36:99-111. doi: 10.1002/zoo.21355. DOI:

Shostell J, Ruiz-García M (2010) An introduction to River Dolphin species. In: Ruiz-García M, Shostell J, (eds) Biology, Evolution and Conservation of River Dolphins within South America and Asia. 1 ed. Nova Science Publishers., Inc. Ed. New York.

Shrestha S, Shrestha B, Bygvraa DA, Jensen OC (2022) Risk assessment in artisanal fisheries in developing countries: A systematic review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 62:255-264. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2021.08.031. DOI:

Siciliano S (1994) Review of small cetaceans and fishery interactions in coastal waters in Brazil. Reports of the International Whaling Commission 15:241-250.

Siciliano S, Viana MC, Bonvicino CR, Ruenes GF, Donato ALDS, Emin-Lima R, Costa AF (2023). Giving names to the characters: identifying, tracing and estimating the multiple use of aquatic wildlife in Brazil. In Galetti Jr, P. M. 23 ed Conservation Genetics in the Neotropics Cham: Springer International Publishing, Swiss, pp. 325-349. DOI:

Silva CV, Moreira SC, Zappes CA, Di Beneditto APM (2014) Pesca artesanal e cetáceos que ocorrem no litoral leste do Rio de Janeiro: uma abordagem etnoecológica para verificar a existência de manejo tradicional. Boletim do Instituto de Pesca 40:521-539.

Silva PP (2004) From common property to co-management: lessons from Brazil’s first maritime extractive reserve. Marine Policy 28:419-428. doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2003.10.017. DOI:

Silva V, Trujillo F, Martin A, Zerbini AN, Crespo E, Aliaga-Rossel E, Reeves R (2018) Inia geoffrensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018. doi: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T10831A50358152.en. DOI:

Silva VM, Brum SM, Mello DMD, Amaral RS, Gravena W, Campbell E, Gonçalves RS, Mintzer V (2023) The Amazon River dolphin, Inia geoffrensis: What have we learned in the last two decades of research? Latin American Journal of Aquatic Mammals 18:139-157. doi: 10.5597/lajam00298. DOI:

Silvano RAM, Begossi A (2012) Fishermen’s local ecological knowledge on Southernern Brazilian coastal fishes: contributions to research, conservation, and management. Neotropical Ichthyology 10:133-147. doi: 10.1590/S1679-62252012000100013. DOI:

Simões-Lopes PC, Daura-Jorge FG, Cantor M (2016) Clues of cultural transmission in cooperative foraging between artisanal fishermen and bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops truncatus (Cetacea: Delphinidae). Zoologia (Curitiba) 33:1-4. doi: 10.1590/S1984-4689zool-20160107. DOI:

Simões-Lopes PC, Fabián ME, Menegheti JO (1998) Dolphin interactions with the mullet artisanal fishing on Southern Brazil: a qualitative and quantitative approach. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 15:709-726. doi: 10.1590/S0101-81751998000300016. DOI:

Smith AM, Smith BD (1998) Review of status and threats to river cetaceans and recommendations for their conservation. Environmental Reviews 6:189-206. doi: 10.1139/a99-002. doi: 10.1139/a99-002. DOI:

Smith LED, Khoa SN, Lorenzen K (2005) Livelihood functions of inland fisheries: policy implications in developing countries. Water Policy 7:359-383. doi: 10 .2166/wp.2005.0023. DOI:

Souza RCF, Ramos MA, de Albuquerque UP, Souto A, Schiel N (2022) Visitors’ perception when participating in a poorly planned ecotourism activity: the case of dolphin watching in Northeastern Brazil. Journal of Ecotourism 21:197-209. doi: 10.3390/su14094899. DOI:

Stephenson RL, Wiber M, Paul S, Angel E, Benson A, Charles A, Chouinard O, Edwards D, Foley P, Lane D, McIsaac J, Neis B, Parlee C, Pinkerton E, Saunders M, Squires K, Sumaila UR (2019) Integrating diverse objectives for sustainable fisheries in Canada. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 76:480-496. doi: 10.1139/cjfas-2017-0345. DOI:

Sturtevant WC (1964) Studies in Ethnoscience1. American Anthropologist 66:99131. doi: 10.1525/aa.1964.66.3.02a00850. DOI:

Suffredini IB, Arruda JR, Rodrigues FSTP, Andrade C, Carvalho, BRR, Rodrigues KFS, Bonamin LV (2023) The brazilian ethnoveterinary analyzed by the one world-one health™ perspective. Pharmacognosy Reviews 17:1-14. doi: 10.5530/phrev.2023.17.6. DOI:

Syme J, Kiszka JJ, Parra GJ (2023) Habitat partitioning, co-occurrence patterns, and mixed-species group formation in sympatric delphinids. Scientific Reports 13:3599. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-30694-w. DOI:

Teixeira JVDS, Santos JSD, Guanaes DHA, Rocha WDD, Schiavetti A (2020) Uses of wild vertebrates in traditional medicine by farmers in the region surrounding the Serra do Conduru State Park (Bahia, Brazil). Biota Neotropica 20:1-15. doi: 10.1590/1676-0611-BN-2019-0793. DOI:

Tittensor DP, Beger M, Boerder K, Boyce DG, Cavanagh RD, Cosandey-Godin A, Crespo GO, Dunn DC, Ghiffary W, Grant SM, Hannah L, Halpin PN, Harfoot M, Heaslip SG, Jeffery NW, Kingston N, Lotze HK, McGowan J, McLeod E, McOwen CJ, O’Leary BC, Schiller L, Stanley RRE, Westhead M, Wilson KL, Worm B (2019) Integrating climate adaptation and biodiversity conservation in the global ocean. Science Advances 5:1-15. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aay9969. DOI:

Tittensor DP, Mora C, Jetz W, Lotze HK, Ricard D, Berghe EV, Worm B (2010) Global patterns and predictors of marine biodiversity across taxa. Nature 466:1098-1101. doi: 10.1038/nature09329. DOI:

Tixier P, Lea M-A, Hindell MA, Welsford D, Mazé C, Gourguet S, Arnould JPY (2021) When large marine predators feed on fisheries catches: Global patterns of the depredation conflict and directions for coexistence. Fish and Fisheries 22:31-53. doi: 10.1111/faf.12504. DOI:

Toledo GAC, Campos BATP, Feitosa ICS, Souto AS, Alves RRN (2010) Interações entre pescadores artesanais eo boto-cinza (Sotalia guianensis - Van Bénéden, 1864) na região de Baía Formosa, Rio Grande do Norte - Brasil. MSc. dissertation, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. [] Acceessed August 20, 2023.

Tosi CH, Magalhães FA, Garri RG (2009) Meat consumption of a Fraser's dolphin (Lagenodelphis hosei) stranded alive on the northern Brazilian coast. Marine Biodiversity Records 2:1-4. doi: 10.1017/S1755267208000043. DOI:

Tregenza NJC, Berrow SD, Hammond PS, Leaper R (1997) Harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena L.) by-catch in set gillnets in the Celtic Sea. ICES Journal of Marine Science 54:896-904. doi: 10.1006/jmsc.1996.0212. DOI:

Tripathy DB, Gupta A, Agarwal P, Mishra A, Jain AK (2024) Oils and fats as raw materials for industry. John Wiley & Sons. DOI:

Trujillo-González F, Mosquera-Guerra F, Franco, N (2019) Delfines de río: especies indicadoras del estado de salud de los ecosistemas acuáticos de la Amazonia y la Orinoquia. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales 43:199-211. doi: 10.18257/raccefyn.765. DOI:

Tullio JCD, Fruet PF, Secchi ER (2015) Identifying critical areas to reduce bycatch of coastal common bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus in artisanal fisheries of the subtropical western South Atlantic. Endangered Species Research 29:35-50. doi: 10.3354/esr00698. DOI:

Urquhart J, Acott TG, Symes D, Zhao M (2014) Introduction: Social Issues in Sustainable Fisheries Management. In: Urquhart J, Acott TG, Symes D, Zhao M (eds) Social Issues in Sustainable Fisheries Management. 2014 ed. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 1-20. DOI:

Vidal MD, Santos PMC, Marmontel M, Moura JF, Siciliano S (2022) Easy food in the jungle: evaluating presence and relationships of Amazon River dolphin (Inia geoffrensis) at a provisioning site in the Amazon, Brazil. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Mammals 17:43-50. doi: 10.5597/lajam00282. DOI:

Wang J, Yang Y, Yang F, Li Y, Li L, Lin D, He T, Liang B, Zhang T, Lin Y, Li P, Liu W (2016) A framework for the assessment of the spatial and temporal patterns of threatened coastal delphinids. Scientific Reports 6:19883. doi: 10.1038/srep19883. DOI:

Wells RS, Natoli A, Braulik G (2019) Tursiops truncates. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019. [] Acessado em 20 abril 2023 DOI:

Würsig B (1989) Cetaceans. Science 244:1550-1557. doi: 10.1126/science.2662403. DOI:

Yang N, Price M, Xu Y, Zhu Y, Zhong X, Cheng Y, Wang B (2023) Assessing global efforts in the selection of vertebrates as umbrella species for conservation. Biology 12:1-20. doi: 10.3390/biology12040509. DOI:

Zappes CA (2007) Estudo etnobiológico comparativo do conhecimento popular de pescadores em diferentes regiões do litoral brasileiro e implicações para a conservação do Boto-cinza Sotalia guianensis (van Bénéden, 1864) (Cetacea, Delphinidae). MSc. dissertation, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora. [] Acceessed August 20, 2023.

Zappes CA, Alves LCPS, Silva CV, Azevedo AF, Di Beneditto APM, Andriolo A (2013) Accidents between artisanal fisheries and cetaceans on the Brazilian coast and Central Amazon: Proposals for integrated management. Ocean & Coastal Management 85:46-57. doi: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2013.09.004. DOI:

Zappes CA, Andriolo A, Silva FO, Monteiro-Filho ELA (2009) Potential conflicts between fishermen and Sotalia guianensis (van Bénéden, 1864) (Cetacea, Delphinidae) in Brazil. Sitientibus Série Ciências Biológicas 9:208-214. doi: 10.13102/scb8013.

Zappes CA, Andriolo A, Simões-Lopes PC, Di Beneditto APM (2011) ‘Humandolphin (Tursiops truncatus Montagu, 1821) cooperative fishery’ and its influence on cast net fishing activities in Barra de Imbé/Tramandaí, Southern Brazil. Ocean & Coastal Management 54:427-432. doi: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2011.02.003. DOI:

Zappes CA, Gatts CEN, Lodi LF, Simoes-Lopes PC, Laporta P, Andriolo A, Di Beneditto APM (2014) Comparison of local knowledge about the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus Montagu, 1821) in the Southwest Atlantic Ocean: New research needed to develop conservation management strategies. Ocean & Coastal Management 98:120-129. doi: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2014.06.014. DOI:

Zappes CA, Monteiro-Filho ELA, Oliveira F, Andriolo A (2010) O comportamento do boto-cinza Sotalia guianensis (van Bénéden, 1864) (Cetacea; Delphinidae) através do olhar dos pescadores artesanais. Revista de Etologia 9:17-28. DOI:

Zerbini AN, Andriolo A, Heide-Jørgensen MP, Pizzorno JL, Maia YG, VanBlaricom GR, DeMaster DP, Simões-Lopes PC, Moreira S, Bethlem C (2006) Satellitemonitored movements of humpback whales Megaptera novaeangliae in the Southwest Atlantic Ocean. Marine Ecology Progress Series 313:295-304. doi: 10.3354/meps313295. DOI:

Zerbini AN, Secchi E, Crespo E, Danilewicz D, Reeves R (2017) Pontoporia blainvillei. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017). [] Acceessed August 20, 2023.




How to Cite

Carvalho, B., Antonio da Silva Souto, A. da S. S., & Evaldo de Lira Azevedo , E. de L. A. . (2024). Interactions between Cetaceans (suborder Odontoceti) and Artisanal Fishing in Brazil: an ethnoecological approach. Ethnobiology and Conservation, 13.



Original research article