Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Müll. Arg.: A comprehensive review on ethnomedicinal uses


  • Abhishek Kumar Department of Botany, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India
  • Meenu Patil Department of Botany, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India
  • Pardeep Kumar Department of Botany, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India
  • Ram Chand Bhatti Department of Botany, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India
  • Rupinder Kaur Department of Botany, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India
  • Nitin Kumar Sharma Department of Botany, Maharana Pratap Govt. College Amb, Una, Himachal Pradesh, India
  • Anand Narain Singh Department of Botany, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India


Kamala tree, Mallotus philippensis, Medicinal uses, Traditional uses


Despite advances in biomedical technology, many communities and local people are still dependent on natural and herbal medications. A large number of different ethnic groups like the Tharu, Kani, Garo and other local inhabitants thrive in the Indian subcontinent and other parts of the world. These indigenous people traditionally use Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Müll. Arg. (Euphorbiaceae) for a variety of medicinal, ritual and economic purposes. Therefore, the present article aims to assess how many various types of disorders are being treated by ethnic groups using formulations prepared from this tree. In addition, we aim to identify the gaps in knowledge and recommend future investigations based upon them. The present analysis based on 83 articles indicated that different ethnic groups are utilising this tree to treat about 142 health ailments that can be broadly categorised into 11 types of disorders. Among these disorder categories, helminthic infestations, dermatological and digestive disorders are most frequently treated with formulations prepared from the tree. Among plant parts, fruits are the most exclusively used component followed by leaves and bark. The usage of fruits as an anthelminthic is widespread and highly cited for both animals and human beings. Thus, the tree can serve as a promising ethnomedicine to treat helminthic infestations, dermatological and digestive problems. Therefore, the cultivation of this medicinal plant should be encouraged in order to promote conservation of this species.

Author Biography

Abhishek Kumar, Department of Botany, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India

Department of Botany


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How to Cite

Kumar, A., Patil, M., Kumar, P., Bhatti, R. C., Kaur, R., Sharma, N. K., & Singh, A. N. (2020). Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Müll. Arg.: A comprehensive review on ethnomedicinal uses. Ethnobiology and Conservation, 9. Retrieved from