Mexican birds use according to environmental officers


  • Blanca Roldán-Clarà Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • Xavier López-Medellín Centro de Investigación en Biodiversidad y Conservación, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos
  • Nelly Calderón de la Barca Universidad Autónoma de Baja California
  • Claudia Leyva Universidad Autónoma de Baja California
  • Ileana Espejel Universidad Autónoma de Baja California


Birds are used in México for subsistence income and have traditionally been part of local cultural heritage. A group of people called pajareros are required by law to apply for permits for harvesting and selling birds, which are authorized by Mexican environmental and wildlife government officers mostly for subsistence use. While environmental manager officers interact with stakeholders as part of their work, how they actually interrelate with pajareros and make final decisions remains unclear. Therefore, we describe regulation of bird use in Mexico, analyze criteria applied, and provide the opinions of the four key officers involved in natural resource management obtained in open interviews held during 2012. Officers have a stereotyped view about pajareros and a close, sometimes conflicting relation with them, express good knowledge of social-environmental conflict related with songbirds, and decide songbird harvest rates based on the three pillars of sustainability, but prioritizing environmental laws over social needs.

Author Biography

Blanca Roldán-Clarà, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Instituto de Investigaciones en Ecosistemas y Sustentabilidad (IIES) Posdoctorate




How to Cite

Roldán-Clarà, B., López-Medellín, X., Calderón de la Barca, N., Leyva, C., & Espejel, I. (2017). Mexican birds use according to environmental officers. Ethnobiology and Conservation, 6. Retrieved from



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