Nutrition, Food Security, Food Systems, Sustainable Development


Ethnonutrition, also known as nutritional anthropology and cultural nutrition, is a discipline that studies the diets of different peoples and cultures using a socio-ecological approach. Research in ethnonutrition analyzes the effect of cultural variables in nutritional outcomes under the following topics: (i) sociocultural processes, (ii) social epidemiology, (iii) idea systems, (iv) gene-culture coevolution, (v) food biodiversity. By addressing the cultural bias to which diets are embedded, ethnonutrition science sheds light on how nutrition can (i) promote diets that can contribute to the well-being of people of different cultures, (ii) while protecting all forms of life, and (iii) ensuring the sustainability of the planet.


Adams R. 1955. A nutritional research program in Guatemala. In: Benjamin P. (ed.) Health, Culture, and Community: case studies of public reactions to health programs. Russell Sage Foundation, Nova Iorque, pp 435–458.

Drouin-Chartier JP, Schwab AL, Chen S, et al. 2020. Egg consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes: findings from 3 large US cohort studies of men and women and a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Am J Clin Nutr 112:619–630.

Etkin N. 2006. Edible Medicines: an ethnopharmacology of food. Tucson, The University of Arizona Press.

Fitzgerald T. 1977. Nutrition and anthropology in action. Netherlands, Van Gorcum, Assen. Garine I De. 1972. The socio-cultural aspects of nutrition. Ecol Food Nutr 1:143–163.

Grivetti L.1978. Nutrition and Anthropology in Action. Thomas K. Fitzgerald. Med. Anthropol. Newsl. 9:10–10

Grivetti L. 1981. Cultural nutrition: anthropological and geographical themes. Annu Rev Nutr 1:47–68.

Gross DR, Underwood BA.1971. Technological Change and Caloric Costs: Sisal Agriculture in Northeastern Brazil. Am Anthropol 73:725–740.

Jerome N, Kandel R, Pelto G. 1980. Nutritional anthropology: contemporary approaches to diet and culture. London, Routledge.

Kuhnlein H. 2014. How Ethnobiology Can Contribute to Food Security. J Ethnobiol 34:12–27.

Messer E. 1984. Anthropological perspectives on diet. Annu Rev Anthropol 13:205–249.

Pelto G, Goodman A, Dufour D. 2000. Nutritional Anthropology: Biocultural Perspectives on Food and Nutrition. California, Mayfield Pub Co.

Richards A. 1948. Hunger and work in a savage tribe. Westport, Greenwood Press

Richards A. 1995. Land, labour and diet in Northern Rhodesia: an economic study of the Bemba tribe. Hamburg, LIT.

Shell-Duncan B, McDade T. 2005. Cultural and environmental barriers to adequate iron intake among northern Kenyan schoolchildren. Food Nutr Bul 26:39–49

Wilson C. 1978. Nutritional Anthropology. Med Anthropol Newsl 9:6–8

Wilson C. 1971. Food beliefs affect nutritional status of malay fisherfolk. J Nutr Educ 2:96–98.




How to Cite

Jacob, M. C. M., Teixeira, C. D. ., Bautista, D. A. ., & Ramos, V. A. N. . (2021). Ethnonutrition. Ethnobiology and Conservation, 10.




Most read articles by the same author(s)