Size matters: identity of culturally important herrings in northeastern Brazil

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15451/ec2020-11-10.07-1-30

Keywords:

Ethnozoology, Fisheries, Clupeidae, Folk Taxonomy, Ginga

Abstract

Fishery statistics are mainly made by recording the popular fish names, which is later translated into scientific identification. However, these names often either refer to a species group and/or vary along their distribution, increasing identification uncertainty. Species that have cultural value for traditional communities are known as culturally important species (CIS). Herein, we assessed Fishers’ Ecological Knowledge to investigate small-silvery herrings (ginga) used as part of a traditional dish \ginga com tapioca", that is recognized as a cultural heritage in the Brazilian northeastern. Through 103 interviews conducted in six communities in three states, we determined that ginga, although a name known elsewhere, is only traded as such in the metropolitan area of Natal. In this region, ginga is caught with drift net and deemed profitable by fishers. We identified both over- and under-differentiation, with ginga recognized by fishers as five, and sold as three main species, namely Opisthonema oglinum, Harengula sp., and Lile piquitinga. The larger specimens of two of those species (O. oglinum and Harengula sp.) were also traded as sardines. We found that most individuals sold as ginga were juveniles, which might impact the recruitment of some fish species. Due to its unique cultural relevance to the local community of Natal, ginga could be considered a CIS, which could aid future management or conservation measures.

Author Biographies

Thais Ferreira-Araújo, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Sistemática e Evolução (PPGSE), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Laboratório de Ictiologia Sistemática e Evolutiva (LISE), Departamento de Botânica e Zoologia

Priscila Fabiana Macedo Lopes, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Fishing Ecology, Management and Economics (FEME), Departamento de Ecologia

Sergio Maia Queiroz Lima, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Laboratório de Ictiologia Sistemática e Evolutiva (LISE), Departamento de Botânica e Zoologia

References

Begossi A, Clauzet M, Figueiredo JL, Garuana L, Lima RV, Lopes PF, Ramires M, Silva AL, Silvano RAM (2008) Are Biological Species and Higher‐Ranking Categories Real? Fish Folk Taxonomy on Brazil’s Atlantic Forest Coast and in the Amazon. Current Anthropology 49:291–306

Begossi A, Salivonchyk S, Lopes PFM, Silvano RAM (2016) Fishers’ knowledge on the coast of Brazil. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 12:20

Berlin B (1973) Folk Systematics in Relation to Biological Classification and Nomenclature. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 4:259–271

Carvalho G, Hauser L (1995) Molecular genetics and the stock concept in fisheries. Molecular genetics in fisheries. Springer, pp. 55–79

Clark W (1976) The lessons of the Peruvian anchoveta fishery. California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations Reports 19:57–63

Codling EA, Kelly CJ, Clarke M (2005) Comparison of the effects of exploitation on theoretical long-lived fish species with different life-history strategies and the implications for management. ICES CM Documents 2005/N:24. Accessed at [http://www.ices.dk/products/CMdocs/2005/N/N2405.pdf]

Coleman FC, Williams SL (2002) Overexploiting marine ecosystem engineers: potential consequences for biodiversity. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 17:40–44

Costa-Neto EM, Marques JGW (2000) Faunistic resources used as medicines by artisanal fishermen from Siribinha beach, state of Bahia, Brazil. Journal of Ethnobiology 20:93–109

Cristancho S, Vining J (2004) Culturally defined keystone species. Human Ecology Review 11:153–164

Crouse DT, Crowder LB, Caswell H (1987) A stage-based population model for loggerhead sea turtles and implications for conservation. Ecology 68:1412–1423

Crowder LB, Murawski SA (1998) Fisheries bycatch: implications for management. Fisheries 23:8–17

Cushing DH (1992) A short history of the Downs stock of herring. ICES Journal of Marine Science 49:437–443

Dantas RF (2015) Ginga com tapioca: de Dalila a Ivanize, das origens à atualidade. Sebo Vermelho, Natal, RN

Diamond JM (1984) “Normal” extinctions of isolated populations. In: Niteck MH (ed) Extinction. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp. 191–246

Diamond SL, Crowder LB, Cowell LG (1999) Catch and bycatch: the qualitative effects of fisheries on population vital rates of Atlantic croaker. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 128:1085–1105

Dickey-Collas M, Nash RDM, Brunel T, van Damme CJG, Marshall CT, Payne MR, Corten A, Geffen AJ, Peck MA, Hatfield EMC, Hintzen NT, Enberg K, Kell LT, Simmonds EJ (2010) Lessons learned from stock collapse and recovery of North Sea herring: a review. ICES Journal of Marine Science 67:1875–1886

FAO (2016) Contributing to food security and nutrition for all. Food & Agriculture Org., Rome

Figueiredo JL, Menezes NA (1978) Manual de peixes marinhos do sudeste do Brasil. Museu de Zoologia USP, São Paulo

Freire KM, Oliveira TLS (2007) Reconstructing catches of marine commercial fisheries for Brazil. Reconstruction of marine fisheries catches for key countries and regions (1950-2005). Fisheries Centre Research Reports, Canada, pp. 61–68

Freire KM, Pauly D (2005) Richness of common names of Brazilian marine fishes and its effect on catch statistics. Journal of Ethnobiology 25:279–297

Freitas CT, Macedo Lopes PF, Campos‐Silva JV, Noble MM, Dyball R, Peres CA (2020) Co‐management of culturally important species: A tool to promote biodiversity conservation and human well‐being. People and Nature 2:61–81

Fricke R, Eschmeyer W, Fong J (2019) Eschmeyer’s Catalog of Fishes: Species by family/subfamily. [http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/SpeciesByFamily.asp] Accessed December 20, 2019

Garibaldi A, Turner N (2004) Cultural keystone species: implications for ecological conservation and restoration. Ecology and Society 9:1

IBAMA (2006) Monitoramento da atividade pesqueira no litoral do Brasil. Brasília.

Instituto Nacional de Estatística (2012) Estatísticas da Pesca 2011. Instituto Nacional de Estatística, Lisbon.

Jablonski S (2007) The Brazilian sardine. Is there any room for modelling? Pan-American Journal of Aquatic Sciences 2:86–93

Johannes R (1998) Government-supported, village-based management of marine resources in Vanuatu. Ocean & coastal management 40:165–186

Johannes R, Squire L, Graham T, Sadovy Y, Renguul H (1999) Spawning aggregations of groupers (Serranidae) in Palau. The nature conservancy marine research series publication 1:1–144

Kindsvater HK, Mangel M, Reynolds JD, Dulvy NK (2016) Ten principles from evolutionary ecology essential for effective marine conservation. Ecology and Evolution 6:2125–2138

Lessa RP, Nóbrega M, Bezerra Jr J, Santana F, Duarte Neto P, Hazin F, Ferreira B, Frédou F, Diedhou M, Monteiro A (2004) Dinâmica de populações e avaliação de estoques dos recursos pesqueiros da região nordeste. DIMAR, Departamento de Pesca-Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil

Lima C, Moreira S, Cabral A, Silva C, Mesquita ML (2016) Ginga com tapioca: gastronomia do mercado da Redinha como atrativo turístico. 4:22

Martinez S, Houde ED (1975) Fecundity, sexual maturation, and spawning of scaled sardine (Harengula jaguana Poey). Bulletin of Marine Science 25:35–45

Munroe T, Aiken KA, Brown J, Grijalba Bendeck L (2015a) Opisthonema oglinum (In: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015). IUCN. [https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T16466100A16509612.en] Accessed 08 May 2020

Munroe T, Aiken KA, Brown J, Grijalba Bendeck L (2015b) Harengula clupeola (In: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015). IUCN. [https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T16449654A16510257.en] Accessed 08 May 2020

Munroe T, Aiken KA, Brown J, Grijalba Bendeck L, Vega-Cendejas M (2019) Harengula jaguana (In: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019). IUCN. [https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-2.RLTS.T190478A86377366.en] Accessed 08 May 2020

Najmudeen T, Sathiadhas R (2008) Economic impact of juvenile fishing in a tropical multi-gear multi-species fishery. Fisheries Research 92:322–332

Noble M, Duncan P, Perry D, Prosper K, Rose D, Schnierer S, Tipa G, Williams E, Woods R, Pittock J (2016) Culturally significant fisheries: keystones for management of freshwater social-ecological systems. Ecology and Society 21:22

Pauly D, Alder J, Bennett E, Christensen V, Tyedmers P, Watson R (2003) The future for fisheries. Science 302:1359–1361

Previero M, Minte-Vera CV, Moura RL de (2013) Fisheries monitoring in Babel: fish ethnotaxonomy in a hotspot of common names. Neotropical Ichthyology 11:467–476

QGIS Development Team (2020) QGIS Geographic Information System. Open Source Geospatial Foundation, Chicago

R Development Core Team (2019) R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria

Rio Grande do Norte (2019) Patrimônio Cultural Imaterial do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte, a iguaria “GINGA COM TAPIOCA.”

Rodrigues AS, Brandão JHSG, Bitencourt JA, Jucá-Chagas R, Sampaio I, Schneider H, Affonso PRAM (2016) Molecular Identification and Traceability of Illegal Trading in Lignobrycon myersi (Teleostei: Characiformes), a Threatened Brazilian Fish Species, Using DNA Barcode. The Scientific World Journal 2016:9382613

Seixas CS, Begossi A (2001) Ethnozoology of fishing communities from Ilha Grande (Atlantic forest coast, Brazil). Journal of Ethnobiology 21:107–135

Silva A (2010) A pesca de pequena escala nos litorais setentrional e oriental do Rio Grande do Norte. Departamento de Engenharia de Pesca. UFCE, Fortaleza, CE

Sobral JM (2008) Cozinha, nacionalismo e cosmopolitismo em Portugal (séculos XIX-XX). Itinerários: a investigação nos 25 anos do ICS

Sturges HA (1926) The choice of a class interval. Journal of the american statistical association 21:65–66

Trindade-Santos I, Freire KMF (2015) Analysis of reproductive patterns of fishes from three large marine ecosystems. Frontiers in Marine Science 2:38

Verba JT, Pennino MG, Coll M, Lopes PF (2019) Assessing drivers of tropical and subtropical marine fish collapses of Brazilian Exclusive Economic Zone. Science of The Total Environment 702:134940

Ward RD, Zemlak TS, Innes BH, Last PR, Hebert PDN (2005) DNA barcoding Australia’s fish species. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 360:1847–1857

Whitehead PJP (1985) Clupeoid Fishes of the World (suborder Clupeoidei): An Annotated and Illustrated Catalogue of the Herrings, Sardines, Pilchards, Sprats, Shads, Anchovies, and Wolfherrings. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome

Downloads

Published

18/11/2020

How to Cite

Ferreira-Araújo, T., Lopes, P. F. M., & Lima, S. M. Q. (2020). Size matters: identity of culturally important herrings in northeastern Brazil. Ethnobiology and Conservation, 10. https://doi.org/10.15451/ec2020-11-10.07-1-30

Issue

Section

Original research article